Below are references for this infographic.

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  3. Council of Colleges of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine. (2011) Position Paper on Dry Needling.
  4. Cummings, M., Ross-Marrs, R., Gerwin, R. (2014) Pneumothorax complication of deep dry needling demonstrationAcupuncture in Medicine. 32(6), pp. 517-519.
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  6. Janet G. Travell, MD Seminar Series: Dry Needling Courses | Myopain Seminars. (n.d.). Retrieved September 2, 2015, from
  7. Killoren, P. (2015, July 18). 4 Reasons Dry Needling Is About To Explode. Retrieved September 2, 2015, from
  8.  Killoren, P. (2015, May 13). I am a physical therapist using dry needling. Retrieved September 2, 2015, from
  9. National Center for Acupuncture Safety and Integrity. (2015) The Illegal and Unsafe Practice of Medicine in General and Acupuncture in Particular Under the Term “Trigger Point Dry Needling”.
  10. National Institutes of Health. (1997) Consensus Development Conference on Acupuncture. Bethesda, Maryland.
  11. NCCAOM Certification and Testing Program. (n.d.). Retrieved September 2, 2015, from
  12. Nugent-Head, Andrew. (2013) Ashi Points in Clinical Practice. Journal of Chinese Medicine. 101, pp. 5-12.
  13. Overview of Dry Needling & Functional Dry Needling® Courses. (n.d.). Retrieved September 2, 2015, from
  14. Simons, D., & Travell, J. (1999). Travell & Simons’ myofascial pain and dysfunction: The trigger point manual (2nd ed.). Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins. 
  15. World Health Organization. (2002) Acupuncture: Review and Analysis of Controlled Clinical Trials. Geneva, Switzerland.
  16. World Health Organization. (2007) International Standard Terminologies on Traditional Medicine. Manila, Phillipines.